TOPICS
Exercise - 12.2

Question-1 :-  A park, in the shape of a quadrilateral ABCD, has ∠ C = 90º, AB = 9 m, BC = 12 m, CD = 5 m and AD = 8 m. How much area does it occupy?

Solution :-
  Let us join BD.   
  In ∆BCD, applying Pythagoras theorem,   
  BD² = BC² + CD²   
= (12)² + (5)²   
= 144 + 25   
  BD² = 169   
  BD = 13 m
  triangle
  Area of ∆BCD = 1/2 x BC x CD = 1/2 x 12 x 5 = 30 m²
  
  For ∆ABD, 
  s = (a + b + c)/2
  s = (9 + 8 + 13)/2
  s = 30/2
  s = 15cm      
  s - a = 15 - 9 = 6cm
  s - b = 15 - 8 = 7cm
  s - c = 15 - 13 = 2cm
  area of the triangle = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √15 x 6 x 7 x 2
= 6√35 
= 6 x 5.916
= 35.496 m²

  Area of the park = Area of ∆ABD + Area of ∆BCD 
= 35.496 + 30
= 65.496  
= 65.5 m² (approximately)
    

Question-2 :-  Find the area of a quadrilateral ABCD in which AB = 3 cm, BC = 4 cm, CD = 4 cm, DA = 5 cm and AC = 5 cm.

Solution :-
  triangle
  For ∆ABC, 
  AB = a = 3 cm
  BC = b = 4 cm
  AC = c = 5 cm
  s = (a + b + c)/2
  s = (3 + 4 + 5)/2
  s = 12/2
  s = 6cm      
  s - a = 6 - 3 = 3cm
  s - b = 6 - 4 = 2cm
  s - c = 6 - 5 = 1cm
  area of the triangle = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √6 x 3 x 2 x 1
= √36 
= 6 cm²

  For ∆ADC, 
  AD = a = 5 cm
  DC = b = 4 cm
  AC = c = 5 cm
  s = (a + b + c)/2
  s = (5 + 4 + 5)/2
  s = 14/2
  s = 7cm      
  s - a = 7 - 5 = 2cm
  s - b = 7 - 4 = 3cm
  s - c = 7 - 5 = 2cm
  area of the triangle = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √7 x 2 x 3 x 2
= √84
= 2√21 
= 2 x 4.583 
= 9.166 cm²

  Area of ABCD = Area of ∆ABC + Area of ∆ACD   
= (6 + 9.166) 
= 15.166
= 15.2 cm² (approximately) 
    

Question-3 :-  Radha made a picture of an aeroplane with coloured paper as shown in Figure. Find the total area of the paper used. aeroplane

Solution :-
  For triangle I
  triangle
  This triangle is an isosceles triangle.       
  Perimeter = 2s = (5 + 5 + 1) cm = 11cm 
  2s = 11cm
   s = 11/2
   s = 5.5 cm
  s - a = 5.5 - 5 = 0.5 cm
  s - b = 5.5 - 5 = 0.5 cm
  s - c = 5.5 - 1 = 4.5 cm      
  area of the triangle = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √5.5 x 0.5 x 0.5 x 4.5
= 0.75√11
= 0.75 x 3.317  
= 2.488 cm² (approx)

  For Quadrilateral II
  This quadrilateral is a rectangle.    
  Area = l × b = (6.5 × 1) cm² = 6.5 cm²

  For Quadrilateral III
    trapezium
  This quadrilateral is a trapezium. 
  Perpendicular height of parallelogram = √(1)² - (0.5)²
= √0.75 cm
= 0.866 cm
  Area = Area of parallelogram + Area of equilateral triangle   
= 0.866 x 1 + √3/4 x (1)²
= 0.866 + 0.433
= 1.299 cm²

  Area of triangle (IV) = Area of triangle in (V) 
= 1/2 x 1.5 x 6
= 4.5 cm²

  Total area of the paper used = 2.488 + 6.5 + 1.299 + 4.5 × 2 = 19.287 cm²
    

Question-4 :-  A triangle and a parallelogram have the same base and the same area. If the sides of the triangle are 26 cm, 28 cm and 30 cm, and the parallelogram stands on the base 28 cm, find the height of the parallelogram

Solution :-
  For Triangle,
  The sides of triangle are 26 cm, 28 cm and 30 cm,
  s = (a + b + c)/2
  s = (26 + 28 + 30)/2
  s = 84/2
  s = 42 cm      
  s - a = 42 - 26 = 16cm
  s - b = 42 - 28 = 14cm
  s - c = 42 - 30 = 12cm
  area of the triangle = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √42 x 16 x 14 x 12
= 336 cm²

  Let the height of the parallelogram be h. 
  Area of parallelogram = Area of triangle 
  h × 28 cm = 336 cm²
  h = 12 cm   
  Therefore, the height of the parallelogram is 12 cm. 
    

Question-5 :-  A rhombus shaped field has green grass for 18 cows to graze. If each side of the rhombus is 30 m and its longer diagonal is 48 m, how much area of grass field will each cow be getting?

Solution :-
  Let ABCD be a rhombus-shaped field. 
  rhombus
  For ∆BCD, 
  BD = a = 48m
  BC = b = 30m
  CD = c = 30m
  s = (a + b + c)/2
  s = (48 + 30 + 30)/2
  s = 108/2
  s = 54 cm      
  s - a = 54 - 48 = 6m
  s - b = 54 - 30 = 24m
  s - c = 54 - 30 = 24m
  area of the triangle = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √54 x 6 x 24 x 24
= 432 m²

  Area of field = 2 × Area of ∆BCD    
= (2 × 432) m² 
= 864 m²

  Area for grazing for 1 cow = 864/18 =  48 m² 
  Each cow will get 48 m² area of grass field.   
    

Question-6 :-  An umbrella is made by stitching 10 triangular pieces of cloth of two different colours (see Fig.), each piece measuring 20 cm, 50 cm and 50 cm. How much cloth of each colour is required for the umbrella? umbrella

Solution :-
  For each triangular piece, 
  a = 20 cm, b = 50 cm, c = 50 cm   
  s = (a + b + c)/2
  s = (20 + 50 + 50)/2
  s = 120/2
  s = 60 cm      
  s - a = 60 - 20 = 40 cm
  s - b = 60 - 50 = 10 cm
  s - c = 60 - 50 = 10 cm
  area of the triangle = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √60 x 40 x 10 x 10
= 200√6 cm²

  Since there are 5 triangular pieces mad of two different  coloured  cloths , 
  Area of each cloth required = 5 x 200√6 cm² = 1000√6 cm²
    

Question-7 :-  A kite in the shape of a square with a diagonal 32 cm and an isosceles triangle of base 8 cm and sides 6 cm each is to be made of three different shades as shown in Fig. 12.17. How much paper of each shade has been used in it? kite

Solution :-
  Area of square = 1/2 x (diagonal)²
= 1/2 x (32)²
= 512 cm²

  Area of 1st shade = Area of 2nd shade
= 512/2 = 256 cm²
  Therefore, the area of paper required in each shape is 256 cm².
        
  For III rd triangle 
  a = 6 cm, b = 6 cm, c = 8 cm
  s = (a + b + c)/2
  s = (6 + 6 + 8)/2
  s = 20/2
  s = 10 cm      
  s - a = 10 - 6 = 4 cm
  s - b = 10 - 6 = 4 cm
  s - c = 10 - 8 = 2 cm
  area of the triangle = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √10 x 4 x 4 x 2
= 8√5 
= 8 x 2.24
= 17.92 cm²

  Area of paper required for III rd shade = 17.92 cm²      
    

Question-8 :-  A floral design on a floor is made up of 16 tiles which are triangular, the sides of the triangle being 9 cm, 28 cm and 35 cm. Find the cost of polishing the tiles at the rate of 50p per cm². design

Solution :-
  a = 9cm, b = 28cm, c = 35cm
  s = (a + b + c)/2
  s = (9 + 28 + 35)/2
  s = 72/2
  s = 36 cm      
  s - a = 36 - 9 = 27 cm
  s - b = 36 - 28 = 8 cm
  s - c = 36 - 35 = 1 cm
  area of the triangle = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √36 x 27 x 8 x 1
= 36√6 
= 36 x 2.45
= 88.2 cm²

  Area of 16 tiles = (16 × 88.2) cm² = 1411.2 cm²   
  Cost of polishing per cm² area = 50 p   
  Cost of polishing 1411.2 cm² area = Rs (1411.2 × 0.50) = Rs 705.60 
  Therefore, it will cost Rs 705.60 while polishing all the tiles.
    

Question-9 :-  A field is in the shape of a trapezium whose parallel sides are 25 m and 10 m. The non-parallel sides are 14 m and 13 m. Find the area of the field.

Solution :-
  Draw a line BE parallel to AD and draw a perpendicular BF on CD.   
    trapezium
  It can be observed that ABED is a parallelogram.
  BE = AD = 13 m   
  ED = AB = 10 m   
  EC = 25 − ED = 15 m    
  Area of the field = 84 + 112 = 196 m²  
   
  For ∆BEC,   
  s = (a + b + c)/2
  s = (13 + 14 + 15)/2
  s = 42/2
  s = 21 m      
  s - a = 21 - 13 = 8 m
  s - b = 21 - 14 = 7 m
  s - c = 21 - 15 = 6 m
  area of the triangle ∆BEC = √s x (s-a) x (s-b) x (s-c)
= √21 x 8 x 7 x 6
= 84 m²

  Now, Area of ∆BEC = 1/2 x CE x BF
  84 = 1/2 x 15 x BF
  BF = 168/15
  BF = 11.2 m

  Area of ABED = BF × DE = 11.2 × 10 = 112 m² 
  Area of the field = 84 + 112 = 196 m² 
    
CLASSES

Connect with us:

Copyright © 2015-16 by a1classes.

www.000webhost.com